Montessori Curriculum Areas
The Practical Life section lays the foundation for all other work to be done in the classroom. The activities are everyday tasks that a child needs to learn to master the care of self and care of the environment. Such activities include pouring, sweeping and tying, washing and ironing, doing the dishes, arranging flowers, as well as grace and courtesy. The activities are presented to the child in such a way that concentration, coordination, independence and order are developed.
The goal of the Montessori Sensorial section is to educate the child's senses. This curriculum area contains Montessori-specific materials that help the child refine his or her experience of sight, sound, touch, taste and smell. In addition, the materials of this section are modeled on scientifically-based concepts, such as metric system dimensions or algebraic formulas. Sensory experience with materials such as these are the child's first step toward understanding the abstract concepts they rep
Mathematics in the Montessori classroom can be separated into a few major categories: beginning counting, advanced counting, the decimal system, rational numbers (fractions), and the operations of addition, multiplication, subtraction and division. Concepts are presented in a very concrete way so that children 3-6 are not only able to count, but skip count, square numbers and work with numbers in the thousands. Once the child has a firm foundation in the operations of addition, multiplication, s
Montessori language curriculum is an integrated approach that combines phonetics and whole language. The child is first introduced to letters and sounds. After several sounds are mastered, he can begin to encode (spell) and decode (read) words by linking these sounds together. Words that do not follow the patterns or rules of the English language are presented as sight words. Once the child has gained confidence with his language skills, he can use it to enhance his studies in other areas of the
A child of age 2 to 6 years old is concerned with absorbing the real world around him. The science materials present certain aspects of this world, in such a way that the child can observe, experiment, demonstrate and record what he has learned. The focus here is that the child learns how to be a scientist: objective, organized, able to perform tasks in a predetermined order, and record the results. He learns to classify, label and differentiate. Science is a hands-on activity that includes biol
The topic of Culture Studies integrates and emphasizes a region or population's geography, history, music, art, etc. The children study different areas of the world, and experience concrete examples of that area's language, literature, dress, food, artwork and music, both past and present. This increasingly important area introduces the child to our planet's great diversity of people.
An important part of a child’s development is their activity in the outdoor environment. Our indoor and outdoor environments are closely related and have been designed by Prue Walsh. Prue is an experienced Early Childhood Educator who specializes in designing physical environments within early childhood settings. Prue has consulted on over 2500 projects both in Australia and overseas, and her approach gives paramount importance to meeting children’s play and developmental needs. Through these exceptional play spaces children are able to extend their social skills through co-operative interaction and concepts explored with classroom materials are applied to the wider outdoor environment.
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